Universal healthcare in Japan

Universal healthcare in Japan is realized through a multi-provider social insurance system and is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare. The healthcare system is characterized by “universal health insurance,” “free access,” “free practitioner system,” and “payment by volume.
In terms of medical treatment, there is free medical treatment as opposed to insurance treatment. Free medical care refers to treatment using medical techniques and drugs that are not covered by public medical insurance. All treatment costs are borne by the patient.
In 2017, Japan’s per capita medical expenses were $4200 per year and the United States is about $10,100 per person. The United Kingdom is about the same as Japan, Germany is at $6,000 per capita, and Sweden is the second most expensive country in the world for health care, at about $70 Sweden is the second most expensive country in the world, at about $70,000 per capita. Japan’s health care costs are about 40% of the cost of the United States. The U.S. has very high medical costs. This is well known.